Top 10 Primary Reasons for Death Worldwide – SarkariResult

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Top 10 Primary Reasons for Death Worldwide

News: In the United States, leading causes of death include heart disease, cancer and accidental injuries. About 74% of deaths occur due to 10 specific reasons, and the frequency of each cause depends on the age of the affected person.

The adjusted death rate, which takes into account the aging population, is at 731.9 deaths per 100,000 people in the US. This reflects a 0.4% increase over the 2016 mortality rate.

This article delves into the main causes of death and provides additional resources for in-depth information about each condition. Furthermore, it presents a ranking of these causes based on the number of deaths by condition and their respective proportions in the total number of deaths registered in the United States.

Content

  1. 1. Heart disease
  2. 2. Cancer
  3. 3. Unintentional injury
  4. 4. Chronic lower respiratory disease
  5. 5. Stroke and cerebrovascular disease
  6. 6. Alzheimer’s disease
  7. 7. Diabetes
  8. 8. Flu and Pneumonia
  9. 9. Kidney disease
  10. 10. Suicide

1. Heart disease

  • Total deaths in 2017: 647,457 (23.5% of total deaths)
  • Heart disease remains the leading cause of death for both men and women, both in the United States and globally. More than half of people with heart disease are men.
  • The term “heart disease” encompasses many different conditions that involve plaque buildup on artery walls. As plaque builds up, arteries narrow, restricting blood flow and increasing the risk of heart attack, stroke, angina, irregular heartbeat and heart failure.
  • Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and recognizing the symptoms of a heart attack are essential steps to reduce your risk of heart disease.

2. Cancer

  • Total deaths in 2017: 599,108 (21.3% of total deaths)
  • Cancer arises when cells do not die at their normal life cycle stage. Uncontrolled cell growth can interfere with vital body functions, potentially leading to death.
  • Although everyone faces some risk, age and exposure to carcinogens, such as those found in cigarettes or environmental pollutants, can increase the risk. sensibility. Genetic factors also contribute significantly to the development of cancer.
  • Although lung cancer causes the most deaths in both men and women, advances in cancer treatment have helped the overall cancer death rate in the United States decrease by 26% since 1991.

3. Unintentional injury

  • Total deaths in 2017: 169,936 (6% of total deaths)
  • Accidental injuries rank as the fourth leading cause of death in the United States and are the primary cause of death for individuals aged 1–44 years.
  • Preventing accidents is a challenge, but safety measures, such as emphasizing road and workplace safety, using seat belts and avoiding driving or operating machinery while under the influence, can help. can significantly reduce the risk of accidental injury and death.

4. Chronic lower respiratory disease

  • Total deaths in 2017: 160,201 (5.7% of total deaths)
  • Chronic lower respiratory disease includes lung conditions that obstruct airflow, leading to difficulty breathing. These conditions include COPD, bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, with smoking significantly increasing the risk of developing these diseases.

5. Stroke and cerebrovascular disease

  • Total deaths in 2017: 146,383 (5.2% of total deaths)
  • Cerebrovascular disease is caused by problems with the blood vessels supplying the brain. Stroke, transient ischemic attack (mini-stroke), subarachnoid hemorrhage, and vascular dementia are common cerebrovascular diseases.
  • About 795,000 people in the United States have a stroke every year, with risk varying by race, ethnicity and age, being significantly higher in the Southeast.

6. Alzheimer’s disease

  • In 2017, Alzheimer’s disease caused 121,404 deaths, accounting for 4.3% of all deaths. This condition and other types of dementia affect cognitive abilities, affecting daily functioning.
  • Damage to nerve cells in the brain leads to changes in memory, behavior, and clear thinking. Alzheimer’s disease is a form of dementia, while vascular dementia results from changes in blood flow to the brain.
  • Alzheimer’s disease gradually weakens essential functions such as walking and swallowing. In its final stages, the disease can leave the person confined to bed and require constant care. Sadly, it ended up being fatal.
  • Currently, approximately 5.8 million Americans have Alzheimer’s disease, a number expected to increase to 14 million by 2050 due to increased life expectancy. Unfortunately, it cannot be cured and cannot be stopped or slowed.

7. Diabetes

  • In 2017, diabetes caused 83,564 deaths, accounting for 3% of all deaths. This condition disrupts blood sugar control, leading to high blood sugar or hyperglycemia.
  • Prolonged high blood sugar levels will damage tissues, nerves, blood vessels and eyes. The body converts food into glucose for energy, but in diabetes this process gets worse.
  • Type 1 diabetes involves a failure to produce insulin, requiring an external supply, while type 2 diabetes involves ineffective use of insulin. Proper diet and exercise can control type 2 diabetes and reduce your risk of the disease.
  • Diabetes can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, blindness, kidney failure and lower limb amputation.

8. Flu and Pneumonia

  • In 2017, influenza and pneumonia together caused 55,672 deaths, accounting for 2% of total deaths. Flu, a contagious viral infection, spreads easily through coughing or sneezing.
  • There are different strains of flu (A, B or C), with type A seriously affecting adults and type B causing more problems in children. Pneumonia, often associated with influenza, leads to pneumonia and can be fatal due to limited oxygen supply.

9. Kidney disease

  • In 2017, kidney disease caused 50,633 deaths, accounting for 1.8% of total deaths. Conditions such as nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and kidney disease affect kidney function.
  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD) damages the kidneys, impairs blood filtration, and leads to health complications. CKD progresses through stages and often does not show symptoms until the severe stage.
  • Regular screening, especially for people over 60 or with a family history, can help reduce the risk of death related to kidney disease.

10. Suicide

  • In 2017, suicide caused 47,173 deaths. Mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety or bipolar disorder can contribute to suicide, but not everyone who attempts suicide or dies by suicide has these conditions.
  • Suicide ranks as the second leading cause of death in people aged 10-34. Building a strong support network, taking appropriate medication, and seeking therapy can minimize the risk of suicide.